OLUSTEE, FL
(Ocean Pond)
FEB. 20th, 1864


Olustee, Fla., Feb. 20 1864.  Florida Expedition.

About 3 p m. the advance of the expedition, Col. Guy V. Henry's 
brigade of cavalry, came upon the Confederate pickets somewhat 
to the east of Olustee.

They were soon driven back to their supports, which opened 
fire, when a portion of the 7th Conn. cavalry was deployed as 
skirmishers and a battery placed in position to develop the 
Confederate force and position.

It was the intention of Brig.-Gen. Truman Seymour, commanding, 
to engage the enemy in front with artillery, meanwhile throwing 
out a brigade to fall upon the Confederate left.  The 
disposition was accordingly made, the cavalry skirmishers 
called in and the 7th N. H. deployed in their places, but the 
troops were hardly in position before the New Hampshire 
regiment broke and fled in confusion.

The 8th U. S. colored infantry moving into the same position, 
also broke and fled after its colonel had been killed.

The 54th Mass. colored infantry, then occupied the position and 
the fighting continued sharp until dark, the whole Federal 
force except the cavalry being actively engaged.

After dark Seymour withdrew, abandoning 6 pieces of artillery.

His losses were 1,800 in killed, wounded and missing, and 39 
horses.  The Confederate casualties were about 250 killed and 
wounded.

Source:  The Union Army, Vol. 6, p. 657